How to Treat High Blood Pressure

Alternatively, you may experience normal blood pressure when it is measured in the doctor’s office, but have high blood pressure in other situations. This is known as masked hypertension. If you are at increased risk of heart disease or stroke (e.g. if you have diabetes), it is important to find out if you have masked hypertension. If this is the case, your doctor may ask you to monitor your blood pressure at home.It is important to make sure that your home monitor is taking correct measurements so your healthcare provider can get an accurate understanding of your blood pressure.How to measure your blood pressure accuratelyAccurate readings also depend on how you prepare to take your blood pressure. Follow these steps to get the most accurate reading:Do not smoke or drink caffeine (coffee, tea, cola and some sports drinks) for 30 minutes beforehand.Do not measure your blood pressure when you are upset or in pain.Empty your bladder or bowel, if necessary.
Sit quietly with your feet flat on the floor and back resting against the back of a chair or a firm surface for at least 5 minutes before measuring and during measurement.
Use the same arm each time. Remove bulky or tight clothing from your arm completely.
Wrap the cuff snugly around your bare upper arm (2 fingers should fit between the blood pressure cuff and your arm). The edge of the cuff must be 3cm above your elbow.
Place your arm on a table or a firm surface. The cuff must be at the level of your heart.Do not talk or watch TV during the test.Take one reading and record your blood pressure.
Bring a record of your readings to your next appointment with your healthcare provider.How to buy a home blood pressure monitor?Hypertension Canada educates the public on how to measure blood pressure at home. Your doctor or pharmacist can help you choose a monitor and select a cuff size that is right for you.Heart & Stroke suggests that the unit be automated instead of manual. Advise your doctor or pharmacist if you have an irregular heart rhythm as some devices may not be advised for individuals with an irregular heartbeat. The foundation further recommends that you select a device recommended by Hypertension Canada.Once you have purchased a home monitor, take it to your healthcare provider’s office once or twice a year to make sure it continues to give accurate readings.Ask a healthcare provider to help you choose the right home blood pressure monitor.Get news you can High blood pressure is the number one risk factor for stroke and a major risk factor for heart disease. High blood pressure is when the blood pressure in your arteries is elevated and your heart has to work harder than normal to pump blood through the blood vessels. It is important that you have your blood pressure checked regularly by your healthcare provider.What is blood pressure?
Blood pressure is a measure of the pressure or force of blood against the walls of your blood vessels (known as arteries). Your blood pressure reading is based on two measures called systolic and diastolic. The systolic (top) number is the measure of the pressure force when your heart contracts and pushes out the blood. The diastolic (bottom) number is the measure of when your heart relaxes between beats.The table below defines varying blood pressure categories: low risk, medium risk, high risk. See your doctor or healthcare provider to get a proper blood pressure measurement.BLOOD PRESSURE CATEGORIESCategory: Systolic/Diastolic (top number/bottom number)There are some exceptions to these categories.If you’ve been diagnosed with high blood pressure, you might be worried about taking medication to bring your numbers down.Lifestyle plays an important role in treating your high blood pressure. If you successfully control your blood pressure with a healthy lifestyle, you might avoid, delay or reduce the need for medication.Here are 10 lifestyle changes you can make to lower your blood pressure and keep it down.1. Lose extra pounds and watch your waistline
Blood pressure often increases as weight increases. Being overweight also can cause disrupted breathing while you sleep (sleep apnea), which further raises your blood pressure.Weight loss is one of the most effective lifestyle changes for controlling blood pressure. Losing even a small amount of weight if you’re overweight or obese can help reduce your blood pressure. In general, you may reduce your blood pressure by about 1 millimeter of mercury (mm Hg) with each kilogram (about 2.2 pounds) of weight you lose.

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